Paftaua, tipuri de decoraţii şi simboluri. Accesorii din patrimoniul Muzeului Municipiului Bucureşti
|Limba de redactare||română|
|Excerpt||When we refer to the ornaments and accessories of the past, we must bear in mind that they undergo a separate development, from the simplest jewellery, to the most
complex adornments, made from precious metals, or other materials, that have always been present in human beings’ lives, during all time periods and from all forms of society.
In the field of decorative arts, clothing accessories represent a special branch, very complex from the perspective of their practical and aesthetic function, but also from their social standpoint.
Beyond the complex symbolism, expressed through colour, shape, material, ornaments, clothing and accessories expose the contact between different groups of people, between different ethnicities.
All these premises will be expressed in the present study focused on the buckle, a veritably spectacular accessory.
There are works in the field of specialized literature that treat the buckle as an accessory exclusively part of the traditional Balkan garb.
The present work will treat the way the buckle ought to be considered in a different manner. It will point out its artistic characteristics and the evolution of techniques used in the making of these accessories (through hammering, au repoussé, engraving, polishing,
marking, moulding, etc.), also taking into account the different shapes, types of decorations, and their significations over time. Additionally the current work aims to demonstrate how the buckle is also a characteristic ornament for the styles typical of the 18th and 19th centuries, its inclusion in boyar garb, as opposed to the works of authors who consider the buckle a strictly popular accessory. The Macedo-Rumanian silversmiths of the Balkan Peninsula and the craftsmen who created such accessories in the Bucharest of the time will be mentioned. As forms and ornaments, the 57 buckles found in the Textiles and clothing accessories
come from areas south of the Danube, from Macedo-Rumanian, Greek, Cypriot, Turkish and Bulgarian territories, each retaining their own technical and stylistic peculiarities. Buckles were clothing accessories found in both ceremonial and day-to-day outfits, favoured at the Royal Court, but also in various cities and settlements in Wallachia, in the period spanning from the second half of the 18th century and the first decades of the 19th century.
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|Editura||Publicat de: Muzeul Municipiului Bucureşti|