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Bucureştii de la Nicolae Mavrogheni la Pavel Kiseleff în literatura epocii

Limba de redactare română
Excerpt A complete picture of Bucharest by the end of the Phanariotes and the beginning of the Russian Protectorate period can not be understood if we do not take into account the presentation of the city in the local literature and in the diaries of foreign travelers who have crossed the capital.
The general aspect of the capital, the social typologies, the perception of the political events by the people and political elites, the citizens’ lifestyle, the impact of the calamities on the general aspect of the city, cultural and modern events can be extracted from the literary
sources of the 18th and 19th centuries. We used a single local source to present the city in the 18th century Istoria faptelor lui Mavrogheni vodă şi a răzmeriţei din timpul lui pe la 1790 Scrisă la 1817 de pitarul Hristache, also known as Povestea mavroghenească, where we find information about the end of the reign of Nicholas Mavrogheni (1786-1789). The information provided by the baker can be complemented by the descriptions provided by the foreign travelers: Lady Craven, Jenne Lebprecht, Joseph-Gabriel Monnier, James Dallaway, Robert Stockdale, and Randle Wilbraham, who visited the capital during the same period. Local literature aimed to retrieve the color of the early 19th century is a bit richer. In Nicolae Filiomon’s novel, Ciocoii vechi şi noi, published in Revista română, in 1862, is presented the how Dinu Păturică promoted from the çubukçunun to a high ranking boyar. The action takes place at the beginning of the 19th century (the chronological interval is centered near the reference year 1821), mostly in Bucharest, which allows the author to record important information about the city (the streets of the capital consisted of beam-bridges, citizens’ fashion, habits, description of houses and events relevant to the city etc.). Letters sent by Ion Ghica to Vasile Alecsandri published in Convorbiri literare give some interesting details about the city’s cultural life (theater, music),
political events (the Russian-Turkish war of 1806-1812, the revolution of Tudor Vladimirescu).
Ioan Stoicescu’s stories about Bucharest and Ploieşti in the first half of the 19th century show a series of events between 1806 and 1828, to which the author was participant. The military conflicts between the Great Powers at the beginning of the century (1806-1812, 1828-1829) led to the transits of the Principalities by several Russian, French, English officers, like: the British officer Sir James Edward Alexander, the French officer
Alexandre Andrault – Count Langeron, the Russian marshal Mihail Ilarionovich Kutuzov, Ludwig Kreuchely von Schwerdtberg – the Consul of Prussia etc.
The information gathered from the above-mentioned sources was structured on the following themes: urbanism and publicity (as the streets of the city, description of the princely court), public spectacle, social typology and free time, the capital during times of
crisis: military confrontations and calamities.
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  • Bucureşti - Materiale de Istorie şi Muzeografie: Bucureşti-MIM; anul 2017
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