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Scrierea pe oase - o scriere necunoscută identificată în săpăturile arheologice de la Chitila

Limba de redactare română
Excerpt Unknown spelling Marks on Bones discovered at Chitila
The 2001-2003 archeological excavations at Chitila, Ilfov dept., led to the discovery of a Carpo-Dacian habitation, of special importance for the central area of the Romanian Plain. The habitation lies on an islet, clogging at present, on the river Colentina, a tributary of the Dâmboviţa. It is located in the near proximity of the Bucharest-Ploieşti railway, on the south-western bank of the river. Two habitation layers were identified: at the base, a layer assigned to the Middle Bronze Age - the Tei culture and an upper one, from the II-V AD period.
The importance of the research resides in the fact that it is for the first time in this geographical area that a craftsmanship center was uncovered. Judging by the present results one can talk about workshops for melting iron, bronze, lead, silver and glass. The same workshops were probably forging weapons, tools, garments for themselves and for the neighboring communities. Considering the Roman coins discovered, there were trading relations with the Roman Empire. The indigenous population was probably Christian and had their own writing, also known from the signs on fragments of pottery. The texts were incised on animal bones, especially jaws of horses or bovines. The texts appear on several sides of the bones and are not deciphered yet. The signs present a slant from left to right, they are schematized and seem to indicate a syllabus language. Among the signs used there are schematized human or vegetal representations, all made of successions of pricks, probably taken over from the Tei tradition. The results of the excavations show that the Dacians could write in their own alphabet, of a sacrum and yet utilitarian character. The writing descends from the local prehistoric tradition in the Carpathian-Danube-Balkan area, illustrated by signs on pottery, bone and stone. Of great significance is the schematized representation of a shielded fighter, identical to the one on the wall of the Limanu Cave in Dobrudja. Also worth mentioning is a man's bust similar to the ones on the Roman coins.
The writing is similar, or identical, to the one in front of the Sitovo Cave in Bulgaria, to the clay tables of Tărtăria and several other locations in the Carpathian-Danube area. It is only a hope that as the number of the discoveries increases, with the help of the specialists in antique writings, the texts on bones and pottery could be read. Such writings obviously existed on wood as well. It is worth mentioning that this writing is totally different from the runes of the Goths.
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  • Bucureşti - Materiale de Istorie şi Muzeografie: Bucureşti-MIM; XIX; anul 2005
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